Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount, Part 1

Jesus' Sermon on the Mount, Part 1

In Matthew 5, Jesus begins giving a sermon that is commonly referred to as the ‘Sermon on the Mount’. This is only the first part of the famous sermon, which contains numerous guidelines to living a Christian life. In this first section, there are seven rules laid out by Jesus. Some are harder to follow than others, and require more dedication and forethought. Keep in mind, though, that through God, all things are possible (but we’ll talk more about that in Matthew 19).

The Beatitudes: Matthew 5:3-11

Before Jesus starts getting into the meat of his sermon, he delivers what are called the ‘Beatitudes’, which is a list of blessings. Essentially, Jesus is explaining that wealthy people are no more blessed than those in poverty. Your economic station in life is is no way indicative of God’s love for you.

Lessons from Part 1 of Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount

In the first part of Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount, found in Matthew 5:21-48, there are 7 rules or guidelines for living a godly life.

  1. Those with murderous intent (hate) are just as guilty as murderers. (5:21-22)
  2. Settle disagreements quickly; don’t put it off unless you want to be spiritually imprisoned (5:23-26)
  3. Thoughts of committing adultery are almost as bad actually as committing adultery. (5:27-30)
  4. The only acceptable reason for divorce is adultery, and even in that case it isn’t encouraged. (5:31-32)
  5. Don’t swear by anything (in other words, don’t say things like ‘I swear to God’. Just say ‘yes’. (5:33-37)
  6. Trust God to defend you against personal insults rather than seeking revenge or stooping to their level. (5:38-42)
  7. Love your enemies. (5:43-48)

Concept of ‘Raca’

Matthew 5:22 says the following:

But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgement. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘Raca’, is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell.

According to my Quest Study Bible (my favorite study Bible ever), calling someone ‘Raca’ is the same as saying they’re vain, emptyheaded, and worthless. Likewise, calling someone a fool in this context means you think they’re worthless. Matthew 5:22 means to judge someone or to call names goes against Jesus’ guidelines for being a good Christian.


This is only the first of three parts of the Sermon on the Mount. Read parts two and three (which has a free download!)


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  1. Amy

    This is so convicting. I remember the Beatitudes back in grade school and didn’t really grasp the concept or meaning behind them.

    The perfect life guidelines and how we should live according to His word.

  2. Pingback: Study of Matthew: Jesus' Sermon on the Mount, Part 2

  3. Pingback: Study of Matthew: Jesus' Sermon on the Mount, Part 3

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